Read the previous blogged excerpt, here. At this point in the process, you get to do some real writing. Read about the other steps here. You will write more at this point if you plan to self-publish or if you write fiction than if you hope to traditionally publish or write nonfiction.
But by following our easy 8-step method, you will be able to summarize texts quickly and successfully for any class or subject. First off, skim the text you are going to summarize and divide it into sections.
Focus on any headings and subheadings. Also look at any bold-faced terms and make sure you understand them before you read.
Rereading should be active reading. Underline topic sentences and key facts. Label areas that you want to refer to as you write your summary. Also label areas that should be avoided because the details—though they may be interesting—are too specific.
Identify areas that you do not understand and try to clarify those points. You should now have a firm grasp on the text you will be summarizing. Now write down the main idea of each section in one well-developed sentence. Make sure that what you include in your sentences are key points, not minor details.
This is the key to any well-written summary. Review the sentences you wrote in step 4. From them, you should be able to create a thesis statement that clearly communicates what the entire text was trying to achieve.
If you find that you are not able to do this step, then you should go back and make sure your sentences actually addressed key points. At this point, your first draft is virtually done. You can use the thesis statement as the introductory sentence of your summary, and your other sentences can make up the body.
Make sure that they are in order. Add some transition words then, however, also, moreover that help with the overall structure and flow of the summary. And once you are actually putting pen to paper or fingers to keys! Write in the present tense.
Make sure to include the author and title of the work. If you must use the words of the author, cite them. Don't put your own opinions, ideas, or interpretations into the summary.
The purpose of writing a summary is to accurately represent what the author wanted to say, not to provide a critique. Make sure that you have correctly cited anything directly quoted from the text.
Also check to make sure that your text does not contain your own commentary on the piece. Once you are certain that your summary is accurate, you should as with any piece of writing revise it for style, grammar, and punctuation.
If you have time, give your summary to someone else to read. This person should be able to understand the main text based on your summary alone. What are book summaries? A summary by definition is something that is comprehensive yet brief. A book summary, therefore, consists of the most important elements of a work.
Good book summaries also capture essential elements about the central characters and the setting or settings in which the action unfolds. When you have read a well-written summary, you ought to be able to say in your own words what the book is generally about, who the main characters are, and where it takes place.
Imagine going to a bookstore or a library. You might have forgotten the name of the book, but you can recall enough of the pertinent information to help the clerk or librarian find the book for you. What are chapter summaries?Chapter 4 Summarizing: The Author's Main Ideas 51 Writing a Summary Whereas paraphrase writing leads you to examine all the details and nuances of a text, Steps in Writing a Summary 1.
Read the original carefully. 2. Choose material for the summary. 3. other essays discussing a text (see, for example, page ). The Summary as Writing The key to writing an effective summary is combining the material you choose to include into concise, coherent sentences and paragraphs.
If your sentences are carelessly formed, not only Chapter 4 Summarizing: The Author's Main Ideas 53 themselves, .
Writing a one-page Summary. Some assignments will ask you to write a one-page summary of that evening’s reading.
Being able to write a summary of a longer document or set of materials is a real-world skill, which every educated person needs to develop. With thanks to: Swales, John M. and Christine B. Feat. Academic Writing for Graduate Students, Essential Tasks and Skills.
Ann Arbor: U Michigan P, Preparing to Write: To write a good summary it is important to thoroughly understand the material you are working with. Here are some preliminary steps in writing a summary.
Aug 23, · How to Write a Book Summary. Writing a summary of a book is a great way for you to absorb what you're reading. It also gives you a quick reference you can use to remember the main points of the book anytime you need it.
Instead of trying to write a chapter-by-chapter summary, break the book down into major sections. 81%(). 28 (chapters) ÷ 7 (pages) = 4 (chapters per page) This tells you roughly how much to write about each chapter: a fourth of a page. For shorter selections the math is different.
In general, a good summary of a chapter, poem, or passage might be about a third to a fourth as long as the original; your instructor will probably suggest a length. 2.