Indias economic social and political development

It is believed to have had a divine origin and sanction. It is deeply rooted social institution in India. There are more than castes and sub-castes with all their peculiarities. The term caste is derived from the Spanish word caste-meaning breed or lineage.

Indias economic social and political development

Ancient era[ edit ] The history of core South Asia begins with evidence of human activity of Homo sapiensas long as 75, years ago, or with earlier hominids including Homo erectus from aboutyears ago.

Buddhism spread beyond south Asia, through northwest into Central Asia. Muhammad bin Tughlaq came to power inlaunched a war of expansion and the Delhi Sultanate reached it largest geographical reach over the South Asian region during his year rule.

The Bengal Sultanate remained in power through the early 16th century.

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It was reconquered by the armies of the Mughal Empire. The state religion of the Bengal Sultanate was Islam, and the region under its rule, a region that ultimately emerged as the modern nation of Bangladesh, saw a growth of a syncretic form of Islam.

Babur defeated and killed Ibrahim Lodi in the Battle of Panipat in The Deccan and northeastern region of the South Asia was largely under Hindu kings such as those of Vijayanagara Empire and Ahom kingdom[] with some regions such as parts of modern Telangana and Andhra Pradesh under local Sultanates such as the Shia Islamic rulers of Golconda Sultanate.

With the fall of Rajput kingdoms and Vijayanagara, its boundaries reached all of west, as well as the Marathi and Kannada speaking regions of the Deccan peninsula.

The Mughal Empire was marked by a period of artistic exchanges and a Central Asian and South Asian architecture synthesis, with remarkable buildings such as the Taj Mahal. Buddhist, Hindu and Sikh temples were desecrated. However, not all Muslim rulers persecuted non-Muslims. Akbara Mughal ruler for example, sought religious tolerance and abolished jizya.

However, this claim was violently challenged in various regions of South Asia, particularly by the Sikh Guru Gobind Singh in the northwest, [] and by Shivaji in the Deccan regions.

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After the death of Aurangzeb and the collapse of the Mughal Empire, the region came under the rule of many small Islamic sultanates and Hindu kingdoms.

British, French, Portuguese colonial interests struck treaties with these rulers, and established their trading ports. In the east, the Bengal region was split into Muslim East Bengal and Hindu West Bengal, by the colonial British empire, in early s, a split that was reversed.

East Pakistan became Bangladesh in Geography of IndiaGeography of PakistanGeography of AfghanistanGeography of BangladeshGeography of BhutanGeography of Sri LankaGeography of Nepaland Geography of the Maldives While South Asia had never been a coherent geopolitical region, it has a distinct geographical identity The Indian peninsula, and the Himalayas on the northeast, is the result of the collision of the Indian Plate with the Eurasian Plate through tectonic activity between 20 and 50 million years ago.

According to Saul Cohen, early colonial era strategists treated South Asia with East Asia, but in reality the South Asia region excluding Afghanistan is a distinct geopolitical region separated from other nearby geostrategic realms, one that is geographically diverse.

The tip of the Indian Peninsula had the highest quality pearls.

Indias economic social and political development

Most of this region rests on the Indian Plate and is isolated from the rest of Asia by mountain barriers. The frontier of Greater South Asia, states Cutler, between — has been geopolitically extended to eastern Iran and western Afghanistan in the west, and in the north to northeastern Iran, northern Afghanistan, and southern Uzbekistan.South Asia or Southern Asia, is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and arteensevilla.comaphically, it is dominated by the Indian Plate, which rises above sea level as Nepal and northern parts of India situated south of the Himalayas and the Hindu Kush.

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