Historical context[ edit ] Set on the prosperous Long Island ofThe Great Gatsby provides a critical social history of America during the Roaring Twenties within its fictional narrative. That era, known for widespread economic prosperity, the development of jazz music, flapper culture, new technologies in communication motion pictures, broadcast radio, recorded music forging a genuine mass culture, and bootleggingalong with other criminal activity, is plausibly depicted in Fitzgerald's novel. Fitzgerald uses many of these societal developments of the s to build Gatsby's stories, from many of the simple details like automobiles to broader themes like Fitzgerald's discreet allusions to the organized crime culture which was the source of Gatsby's fortune.
By their practice, the great Roman poets Horace and Juvenal set indelibly The great gatsby a criticism of lineaments of the genre known as the formal verse satire and, in so doing, exerted pervasive, if often indirect, influence on all subsequent literary satire. He also owned a small property and could afford to take his son to Rome and ensure personally his getting the best available education in the school of a famous fellow Sabellian named Orbilius a believer, according to Horace, in corporal punishment.
In about 46 bc Horace went to Athens, attending lectures at the Academy. Horace, however, proceeded to Rome, obtaining, either before or after a general amnesty of 39 bc, the minor but quite important post of one of the 36 clerks of the treasury scribae quaestorii.
He now enrolled Horace in the circle of writers with whom he was friendly. During these years, Horace was working on Book I of the Satires10 poems written in hexameter verse and published in 35 bc.
The Satires often exalt the new man, who is the creator of his own fortune and does not owe it to noble lineage. Horace develops his vision with principles taken from Hellenistic philosophy: The ideal of the just mean allows Horace, who is philosophically an Epicurean, to reconcile traditional morality with hedonism.
Self-sufficiency is the basis for his aspiration for a quiet life, far from political passions and unrestrained ambition. In the 30s bc his 17 Epodes were also under way. Mockery here is almost fierce, the metre being that traditionally used for personal attacks and ridicule, though Horace attacks social abuses, not individuals.
The tone reflects his anxious mood after Philippi. Horace used his commitment to the ideals of Alexandrian poetry to draw near to the experiences of Catullus and other poetae novi New Poets of the late republic.
Their political verse, however, remained in the fields of invective and scandal, while Horace, in Epodes 7, 9, and 16, shows himself sensitive to the tone of political life at the time, the uncertainty of the future before the final encounter between Octavian and Mark Antony, and the weariness of the people of Italy in the face of continuing violence.
In his erotic Epodes, Horace began assimilating themes of the Archaic lyric into the Hellenistic atmosphere, a process that would find more mature realization in the Odes.
In the mids he received from Maecenas, as a gift or on lease, a comfortable house and farm in the Sabine hills identified with considerable probability as one near Licenza, 22 miles [35 kilometres] northeast of Romewhich gave him great pleasure throughout his life.
After Octavian had defeated Antony and Cleopatra at Actium, off northwestern Greece 31 bcHorace published his Epodes and a second book of eight Satires in 30—29 bc.
In the first Satires Horace had limited himself to attacking relatively unimportant figures e. The second Satires is even less aggressive, insisting that satire is a defensive weapon to protect the poet from the attacks of the malicious.
The autobiographical aspect becomes less important; instead, the interlocutor becomes the depository of a truth that is often quite different from that of other speakers. The poet delegates to others the job of critic.
While the victor of Actium, styled Augustus in 27 bc, settled down, Horace turned, in the most active period of his poetical life, to the Odesof which he published three books, comprising 88 short poems, in 23 bc. Horace, in the Odesrepresented himself as heir to earlier Greek lyric poets but displayed a sensitive, economical mastery of words all his own.
He sings of love, wine, nature almost romanticallyof friends, of moderation; in short, his favourite topics. He creates an intermediate space between the real world and the world of his imagination, populated with fauns, nymphs, and other divinities.
Some of the Odes are about Maecenas or Augustus: He denounces corrupt moralspraises the integrity of the people of Italy, and shows a ruler who carries on his shoulders the burden of power.3 The Great Gatsby Reading Guide About the Author: Francis Scott Fitzgerald is considered one of the greatest American writers.
He is often considered the most important American writer of the 20 th century. Most importantly, Fitzgerald. The Great Gatsby (Scribner Classics) [F. Scott Fitzgerald, Matthew Joseph Bruccoli] on arteensevilla.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
A true classic of twentieth-century literature—n ominated as one of America’s best-loved novels by PBS’s The Great American Read. The Great Gatsby.
A true classic of twentieth-century literature, this edition has been updated by Fitzgerald scholar James L.W. West III to include the author’s final revisions and features a note on the composition and text, a personal foreword by Fitzgerald’s granddaughter, Eleanor Lanahan—and a new.
The Great Gatsby is No Love Story - The Great Gatsby is No Love Story Many argue that F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby is an example of the "great American love story", but it is not.
Jan 10, · In which John Green examines JD Salinger's novel The Catcher in the Rye. John pulls out the old school literary criticism by examining the text itself rather. arteensevilla.com An Index to The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald. Pagination follows the paperback edition of The Great Gatsby (The Authorized Text).
New York: Collier/Macmillan, Subentries are sorted by first appearance of page number, with a few obvious exceptions.